Exporting cheese to the United States requires having import permits
The sale of cheese in the US is subject to regulation by both the FDA and the USDA [US Department of Agriculture]
ExportUSA offers a consultancy service both for obtaining the necessary permits for the import of cheese into the United States, and for the search for specialized distributors to sell cheese in the US
The duty to import cheese into the United States of America is rather complicated to calculate because it depends on many factors specific to the cheese and on whether or not import quotas are available. ExportUSA assists European producers in calculating the exact import duty for each specific type of cheese
Selling cheese in America is subject to somewhat more complicated rules than those normally applied to other food products.
This is in part due to the fact that the import and sale of cheese is regulated by both the FDA [Food and Drug Administration] and the USDA [US Department of Agriculture].
To complicate matters, there is also the fact that the import of cheese into the United States is subject to import quotas. The cheese import quotas must be requested by US importers by the end of October of each year and then renewed yearly.
How to export and sell cheese in the United States
Italian Health Authority [ASL] Veterinary Certificates for Importing Food Products into the United States of America
For all those products that contain milk, milk powder, cream, egg or egg powder, and which are cooked prior to import into the United States, it is necessary to attach to the US import customs documentation declarations of conformity issued by the veterinarian of the Health Authority of the country from which the ingredient originates.
Therefore, for the ingredients produced in Italy, the Authority is the ASL. If the ingredient, for example milk, comes from another country [whatever it is], then the declaration/certificate of the veterinarian of the competent authority of that country is required.
The issuance of a certificate can become problematic in the event that the supplier mixes milk of various origins or obtains the milk supplies from suppliers of ìdistantî countries [so to speak].
At ExportUSA we have the experience to help producers export and sell their cheese in the United States
For sure, the statutory requirements for exporting cheese to the US is complicated. But, unlike in other countries, the rules are clear and straightforward. In other words, those who follow the rules to the letter can export their cheese to the US.
ExportUSA can help export cheese in many ways:
- Creation of labels according to FDA regulations
- Identification of the applicable customs duty for the import of cheese that is specifically to be sold in the United States.
- Identification of documentation required by the USDA [US Department of Agriculture] for the cheese to be imported.
- Identification of distributors and importers for the sale of cheese in the United States.
In other words, ExportUSA provides both regulatory advice for the import of cheese: FDA, USDA, cheese import permits and customs duties; and commercial advice required to sell the cheese in the US through specialized distributors.
Below is a summary of the FDA, USDA, and customs regulations governing the entry and sale of cheese in the United States:
FDA clearances to export and sell cheese in the United States
As with other food products, cheese too needs FDA-compliant labels. In addition to the nutritional values, the FDA requires some indications on the label which vary according to the type of cheese [soft cheese, aged cheese, etc.]
Regulations to sell cheese in the United States
In the case of the sale of cheese, the USDA also applies to cheeses a series of regulations that regulate their import into the US. Elements such as the cheese fat percentage, the fat percentage from butter, the cheese manufacturing process, etc., affect the documentation required for the sale of cheese in the United States.
Cheese import quotas in the United States
Only companies based in the United States can apply for cheese import quotas. Furthermore, the import quotas for cheese are only allocated to companies that have imported and sold significant quantities of cheese during the previous year. Apart from that, even without a quota, it is still possible to export cheese to the United States, although the customs duties are higher.
Customs duties for the sale of cheese in the United States
Following the entry into force of complex regulations governing the import of cheese into the USA, calculating the duty for cheeses to be imported is rather challenging, especially if you do not have the cheese import quotas.